Co to jest chirurgia bariatryczna?
What is bariatric surgery?
- | 02.08.2021 | 3 minutes
In the past, surgical treatment of obesity was associated with high risks of side effects and complications. Since then, bariatric surgery has made significant progress. Advanced laparoscopic (keyhole) techniques have allowed for these surgeries to become a safe and reliable means of achieving and maintaining weight loss.


However, it should be noted that surgical treatment of obesity is a major undertaking.  It necessitates undergoing major surgery and requires a lifelong commitment of the patient to live and comply with post-operative recommendations. It is not a shortcut for those who are unhappy with their body image, but rather a  medically proven treatment for a disease.

What are the types of bariatric surgeries?

There are three main procedures among the modern and effective surgical treatments for obesity used today: sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass and mini gastric bypass.  

What is sleeve gastrectomy?

 

Sleeve gastrectomy is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the world. This procedure is performed using laparoscopic (keyhole) technique. During sleeve gastrectomy a large segment of the stomach (up to 80% of the total volume) is removed leaving a narrow gastric “tube” or “sleeve”. Due to the reduction in stomach volume, you’ll need much smaller amounts of food than you did before your weight loss surgery, and, at the same time, you will feel satisfied after eating much smaller meals, which will consequently lead to weight loss.

What is a gastric bypass?

 

Gastric bypass is amongst the best studied surgical treatments for obesity. A small pouch, which acts as a stomach, is sectioned off from the stomach, just below the oesophagus. The intestine is then divided – its one end gets connected to the gastric pouch and, as a result, the so-called nutritional loop is created. The remaining part of the stomach, along with the duodenum and a part of the small intestine, forms an enzymatic loop. Food travels through the pouch into the small intestine, bypassing the upper part of the digestive tract. These loops are then joined with one another to form a common loop, where nutrient absorption occurs. The surgery leads to a reduction in food intake and absorption, normalization of metabolic processes (glycaemic disorders) and helps fight acid reflux.

What is a mini gastric bypass? 

 

This type of surgery involves creating a long, narrow “pouch” from the stomach, which acts as a stomach.  A single anastomosis is then created on the small intestine.  Digestive juices pass through the first part of the intestine, however it is no longer used for food digestion. Digestion of food occurs only in the lower part of the small intestine.  After undergoing the procedure only small portions of food can be consumed at each meal and the absorption is limited. Mini gastric bypass, similarly to gastric bypass, is a restrictive-malabsorptive method.

What are the effects of bariatric surgeries?

 

Surgical obesity treatment is currently the most effective and permanent treatment for obesity. Thanks to bariatric surgery, the patients are able to permanently lose up to 80% of excess weight, and the weight loss itself leads to improved health and life quality. If you have been struggling with excess body weight, and your previous weight loss attempts failed, do not hesitate to make an appointment with our bariatric surgeon. During the appointment you will learn more about the benefits of each bariatric surgery and the doctor will outline each of the viable treatment options tailored to your needs.

 

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WHAT IS BMI?

The BMI (Body Mass Index) calculator is a quick and convenient method to calculate your own body mass index. This index is used to determine the severity of obesity as well as to assess the risk of developing diseases associated with excessive body weight. The higher the degree of obesity, the higher the risk of obesity complications is, unfortunately.

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Michał Krefft - ZnanyLekarz.pl
Rafał Mulek - ZnanyLekarz.pl

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Collegium Medicum UMK w Bydgoszczy Uniwersytet SWPS w Warszawie

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